Panchatantra, is a collection of five
volumes of stories written by a teacher to help instruct the different aspects
of kinghood for princes.
Long ago in the kingdom of
Mahilaropya, there lived a king who was ruling very ideally. He had three sons,
who were not intelligent. The king was worried about the heir to the throne, as
he knew that his sons were incapable of governing. He was desperate to find a
good and knowledgeable teacher for his sons who would teach them the scriptures
and make them knowledgeable in a short time. His minister then pointed towards a
skilled pundit, VishnuSharman. Vishnusharman was old and the king was worried as
to how the teacher could accomplish the teaching to his sons as he told that
even an intelligent man takes more than twelve years to grasp all the elements
of scriptures. Then VishnuSharman convinced the king that he would teach the
princes about kingly conduct through a series of stories, which would be more
effective than the scriptures. Thus Vishnusharman compiled the collection in five
volumes termed as PanchaTantra meant to serve as the guide for the
princes to learn about kingly behaviour.
The five volumes together serve as
a manual for a prospective king, to help him in deciding how to rule, how to
choose his fellow friends, fellow ministers, how to conduct himself in daily
life etc. The collection of stories in Pancha Tantra are a real treat for
parents to help them in guiding them towards values in human life. Every story
in Pancha Tantra is accompanied by a moral.
( Courtesy: http://members.tripod.com/~srinivasp/mythology/panchatantra.html
Once upon a time there
lived a crow couple, who had built a nest on the top of a tree. But
unfortunately the tree was inhabited by a serpent at its bottom. So the serpent
used to crawl up the tree and eat all the eggs that the lady crow used to lay.
The crow couple were deeply grieved and when this happened time after time, then
they decided that the serpent was to be get rid of by a plan.
So the crow then approached his friend the
jackal and asked for a plan. The jackal then told him to go and fetch a costly
thing from the palace of the king and throw the thing in the burrow of the
snake. The crow went to palace, and stole a necklace of the queen while she was
bathing. The gaurds of the palace ran after it. The crow then dropped the
necklace in the burrow of the snake beneath the tree.
The guards on reaching the bottom of the tree, found the necklace gaurded by the
serpent. Then they lynched the serpent and recovered the necklace. So the crow
family was now happy that their eggs were safe now.