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The Hockey World Cup is
an international competition organized by the
International Hockey Federation (FIH). The tournament was
started in 1971. It is held every four years.
The 2006 Hockey World Cup was
held at the War Steiner HockeyPark, Germany .Germany won for the
second time, defeating Australia 4–3 in the final. The
next Hockey World Cup in 2010 will be held in India.
The Hockey World Cup was first
conceived by Pakistan's Air Marshal Nur Khan. . The FIH decided
that the inaugural World Cup would be held in October 1971, in
However, due to the intense
political climate between Pakistan and India, the FIH decided to
move the tournament elsewhere. In March 1971, the FIH decided to
move the first Hockey World Cup to the Real Club de Polo grounds
in Barcelona, Spain, which was considered a neutral and peaceful
The first three tournaments
were held every two years. Since 1982, the tournament has been
held every four years.
The Hockey World Cup consists
of a qualification stage and a final tournament stage
Five countries have dominated
the event's history. Pakistan is the most successful team,
having won the tournament four times. The Netherlands have won
three titles, and Germany has won two titles. India and
Australia have each won the tournament once.
Hockey World Cup 2010 in
India February 28 to March 13 2010
The 2010 Hockey World Cup will be the
twelfth installment of the Men's Hockey World Cup. The International
Hockey Federation (FIH) announced that the championship would be held in India,
taking place over two weeks from Feb 28 to March 13, 2010 at New Delhi's
Dhyan Chand National Stadium.
This is the first time that India would be
hosting the World Cup (men) on synthetic surface. The only previous occasion
when India conducted the mega event was in Bombay in 1982, which was played on
Hero Honda Motors Ltd, the world's largest
two-wheeler manufacturer will be the title sponsor of International Hockey’s
showcase event – The FIH Men’s Hockey World Cup 2010.
The prestigious, once-in-four-year extravaganza will be officially named 'HERO
HONDA FIH WORLD CUP 2010'.
Pools were separated by the FIH on December
15,2009 for the 2010 Men's Hockey World Cup in New Delhi, India Here are the
teams in two pools :
History of Hockey and FIH
The roots of hockey are buried deep in
antiquity. Historical records show that a crude form of hockey was played in
Egypt 4,000 years ago, and in Ethiopia around 1,000 BC. Various museums offer
evidence that a form of the game was played by Romans and Greeks, and by the
Aztec Indians in South America several centuries before Columbus landed in the
New World. The modern game of hockey evolved in England in the mid-18th century,
primarily around schools.
The first Olympic Hockey Competition for men
was held in London in 1908 with England, Ireland and Scotland competing
separately. After having made its first appearance in the 1908 Games, hockey was
subsequently dropped from the 1912 Stockholm Games, and reappeared in 1920 in
Antwerp before being omitted again in Paris in 1924. The Paris organisers
refused to include hockey on the basis that the sport had no International
Hockey had made its first steps toward an
international federation when in 1909 the Hockey Association in England and the
Belgium Hockey Association agreed to mutually recognise each other to regulate
international hockey relations. The French Association followed soon after, but
this was not considered sufficient.
Hockey took its most important step forward in
1924 when the International Hockey Federation, the world governing body for the
sport, was founded in Paris under the initiative of Frenchman, Paul Léautey. Mr.
Léautey, who would become the first President of the FIH, was motivated to
action following hockey's omission from the program of the 1924 Paris Games.
Mr. Léautey called together representatives
from seven national federations to form the sport's international governing
body, the Fédération Internationale de Hockey sur Gazon. The six founding
members, which represented both men's and women's hockey in their countries,
were Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Hungary, Spain and Switzerland.
The women's game developed quickly in many
countries and in 1927, the International Federation of Women's Hockey
Associations (IFWHA) was formed. The founding members were Australia, Denmark,
England, Ireland, Scotland, South Africa, the United States and Wales. After
celebrating their respective Golden Jubilees - the FIH in 1974 and the IFWHA in
1980 - the two organisations came together in 1982 to form the FIH.
The growth of the International Hockey
Federation from its early beginnings has been most impressive. Denmark joined in
1925, the Dutch men in 1926, Turkey in 1927, and in 1928 - the year of the
Amsterdam Olympics - Germany, Poland, Portugal and India joined. India's
addition marked the membership of the first non-European country.
By 1964, there were already 50 countries
affiliated with the FIH, as well as three continental associations - Africa, Pan
America and Asia - and in 1974, there were 71 members. Today, the International
Hockey Federation consists of five Continental associations - Europe and Oceania
have since joined - and 127 member associations.
Today, the work of the International Hockey
Federation is accomplished through the efforts of the FIH President, Honorary
Secretary General and Treasurer, working together with an Executive Board, 13
Committees, and the professional staff in its Lausanne headquarters.
In many ways, the FIH serves as the 'guardian'
of the sport. It works in co-operation with both the national and continental
organisations to ensure consistency and unity in hockey around the world. The
FIH not only regulates the sport, but is also responsible for its development
and promotion so as to guarantee a secure future for hockey.
( Courtesy: FIH )