In 1897, films were shown
for the first time in Calcutta. In 1898, the multinational Warwick Trading Co.
commissioned 'Panorama of Calcutta' newsreel. Couple of years later, Hiralal Sen
from north Calcutta started making films at the Classic Theatres. In 1901,
Hiralal Sen set up Royal Bioscope, produced scenes and dance sequences from
popular Bengali plays. At Calcutta's Star Theatre, Amritlal Bose screened a
package of 'actualities' and 'fakes' along with plays and variety shows. Back in
those days bioscope was added as extra attraction to popular theatres. In 1917,
Raja Harishchandra, the first feature film in India, was made by
Dadasaheb Phalke. Two years later, in 1919, the first Bengali movie "Billwamangal"
was made. This was a silent movie. Several works of popular Bengali novelist
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee were adapted into films, such as, Durgeshnandini,
Krishnakanter Will etc. The first popular star in Bengali film was
probably Pramathesh Barua, who was a director himself too. Debaki Bose,
Pramathesh Barua contributed quite a lot to Indian cinema. Debaki Bose directed
Chandidas in 1932; this film was noted for it's breakthrough in sound
recording. Sound recordist Mukul Bose found out a solution to the problem of
spacing out dialogue and frequency modulation.