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Heroes & Incredible peoples
An invention is a new form, composition of
matter, device, or process. Some inventions are based on pre-existing forms,
compositions, processes or ideas. Other inventions are radical breakthroughs
which may extend the boundaries of human knowledge or experience.
Invention that gets out into the world is innovation, and as such it may be
a major breakthrough, it may have a minor or incremental impact or its
effect can be in between these two extremes.
There is also a “ cultural invention” which is an innovative set of useful
behaviors adopted by people who then pass them on.
An invention that is novel and not obvious to those who are skilled in the
same field may be able to obtain the legal protection of a patent.
Inventions may be old ideas or techniques
applied in new ways: they are very often combinations of old, and even highly
familiar, ideas. To some degree almost all human behaviour is inventive, for it
is seldom strictly repetitive and is aimed at contingencies which, though small
and trivial, nevertheless require invention even if of a humble kind. The
outstanding inventions, such as the phonograph of Thomas Alva Edison, represent
the extension of abilities to some degree possessed by us all. Edison had
remarkable perseverance towards imaginative goals; indeed he described invention
as '99 per cent perspiration and 1 per cent inspiration'.