Tihar Jail: What's behind the walls
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It is not just a place where criminals, petty and hardened, are held. And it is not just another jail. Tihar Jail is now positioned as a correction centre. One of the larger jails in South Asia spread over 400 acres, it has over the years played host to political prisoners, convicts and undertrials.
Prior to 1958, a small Jail was located at Delhi Gate area of Delhi. In 1958, the prison was transferred from Delhi Gate to a site on the land of Tihar Village in western part of New Delhi. In the beginning, only one Central Jail was commissioned with the lodging capacity of 1273 prisoners. Till 1966, the administrative control of Delhi Jails was with the Government of the state of Punjab. The same was transferred to the Delhi Administration, Delhi in 1966.
Commissioned in 1958 with a single jail to hold 1,273 prisoners.
Expanded over the years to nine prisons within the Tihar complex and one at Rohini in northwest Delhi to hold 6,250 inmates.
Number of inmates, at about 12,300, is double the capacity. 544 of the prisoners are women.
24.6% of the undertrials (2,255) have been behind bar for more than 12 months. And 124 for more than 5 years.
61% of the prisoners (7,535) are in the age group of 18-30.
1,109 prisoners, including 58 women, are serving life term. 22, including 2 women, have been sentenced to death.
TIHAR, THE FACTORY
Inmates are employed in carpentry, weaving (handloom and powerloom), tailoring, paper-making, food processing, pottery, shoemaking & baking.
Products are sold at Tihar Haat under the brand TJ's.
Prisoner's Wages : ( 2011 )
The inmates employed in factory are provided wages at the rates prescribed by Government of Delhi as follows :
Skilled Worker : Rs.52 per day
Semi-skilled worker : Rs.44 per day
Unskilled worker : Rs.40 per day
- At 5:30 in the morning, it is time for a
Accused of corruption
On death row
Afzal Guru (Parliament attack)
Devender Pal Singh Bhullar (Attack on Maninder Jeet Singh Bitta)
Been here & released
Ahmed Omar Saeed (was released in Kandahar; murdered WSJ reporter Daniel Pearl in Pakistan later)
Facts & figures
75% of the inmates (9,186) are undertrials. Only 25% are convicts.
43 inmates placed with various companies recently.
Tihar has a Facebook page.