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Mathematics is science of structure, order, and
relation that has evolved from counting, measuring, and describing the shapes of
objects. It deals with logical reasoning and quantitative calculation. Since the
17th century it has been an indispensable adjunct to the physical sciences and
technology, to the extent that it is considered the underlying language of
science. Among the principal branches of mathematics are algebra, analysis,
arithmetic, combinatorics, Euclidean and nonEuclidean geometries, game theory,
number theory, numerical analysis, optimization, probability, set theory,
statistics, topology, and trigonometry.
The word "mathematics" comes from the Greek (máthēma), which means in ancient
Greek what one learns, what one gets to know, hence also study and science, and
in modern Greek just lesson.
The word "mathematics" in Greek came to have the narrower and more technical
meaning "mathematical study", even in Classical times.Its adjective is (mathēmatikós),
meaning related to learning or studious, which likewise further came to mean
mathematical. In Latin, and in English until around 1700, the term "mathematics"
more commonly meant "astrology" (or sometimes "astronomy") rather than
"mathematics"; the meaning gradually changed to its present one from about 1500
to 1800. This has resulted in several mistranslations: a particularly notorious
one is Saint Augustine's warning that Christians should beware of "mathematici"
meaning astrologers, which is sometimes mistranslated as a condemnation of
mathematicians. More...

Base of Mathematics Related Resources 
Links to selected resource guides, directories, software archives and
bibliographic references on applied and computational mathematics.

LLEK Bookmarks Scientific Search Engines  Mathematics 
A comprehensive catalog of scientific resources and media worldwide but
especially in German and English. Directories of journals; catalogs of
search engines; additional starting points and sites of special interest.

MTHWWW: Mathematics Resources on the WWW 
Covering most branches of mathematics and a good selection of general math
resources. Compiled by M. Maheswaran, University of Wisconsin Marathon
County.

Math on the Web 
Directory of mathematical sites.

MathNet Links 
A large collection of mathematical and related links.

MathGuide 
Directory of online mathematics, mainly research literature. At Göttingen,
Germany.

Mathematical Resources 
A collection of links at CalTech.

Mathematical Resources on the Web 
Compiled at the University of Florida.

Mathematics Resources on the Internet 
Links by Bruno Kevius. General and by topic.

Mathematics Sources 
A list maintained at U Penn.

Mathematics WWW Virtual Library 
Directory of mathematical web sites, maintained at Florida State University.

Mathematics Websites 
Popular directory of math web sites. At Penn State.

Online Resources for Mathematics 
The Virtual Reference Desk for mathematics at the CERN Library (HEP
Libraries Webzine, Issue 3, March 2001, Antonella De Robbio).

Platonic Realms Math Links Library 
Annotated directory of mathematics sites on the Internet.

Russian Mathematical Database 
Directory of Russian mathematical organizations, departments and
mathematicians; publications; library catalogues; journals; projects.

The Math Forum Internet Mathematics Library 
Database sorted by topic, type of media, and age level.

The Permutation Homepage 
A ring of mathematical web pages.

UniversalClass 
Listings of authors, experts, jobs, links, questions, requests and
scholarships in mathematics.
Organizations

American Mathematical society 
Founded to promote mathematical research and education through conferences,
contests surveys, publications, employment services, scholarship programs,
locating research funding, resources, and outreach. Includes program news
and membership information.

International Mathematical Union (IMU) 
Promotes international cooperation in Mathematics. Information about the
Union and its executive committee, news bulletins and details of member
countries.

Advanced Technology Council in Mathematics 
Promotes technology for learning and research in mathematics, and
dissemination of information. Meetings, publications, software.

African Mathematical Union (UMA) 
African equivalent of the International Mathematical Union. Interim site
with details of the Union's activities.

Association for Christians in the Mathematical Sciences 
Promotes interaction among Christians in the mathematical sciences and
encourages them to explore the relationship of their faith to their
discipline. History, meetings, membership, online newsletter and resources.

Association for Women in Mathematics 
A nonprofit organization dedicated to encouraging and promoting women and
girls in the mathematical sciences including pure and applied mathematics
and statistics. Site has newsletters, events and resources including job
adverts.

Atlantic Provinces Council on the Sciences: Mathematics and
Statistics Committee 
An association to encourage and further research in all mathematical
sciences, statistics and computer science, in the Atlantic region. Lists
board of directors, programs past, present and future and email contacts
list.

Australian Mathematical Society (AustMS) 
Founded to promote and extend of mathematical knowledge and its applications
in Australia. The site contains information about the society, its
publications and conferences.

Austrian Mathematical Society 
The national mathematics society of Austria. Membership information and
publications.

Belgian Mathematical Society (BMS) 
National mathematics society. Includes staff, conference details and
archived newsletters.

Canadian Mathematical Society (CMS) 
National mathematical society. General information, activities, membership
and Camel accounts.

Canterbury Mathematical Association 
New Zealand organisation to encourage and support the teaching and learning
of Mathematics. Events and Cantmath competition news.

Chinese Mathematical Society 
A professional society comprising thousands of members and publishing
mathematical journals and book series.

Conference for AfricanAmerican Researchers in the
Mathematical Sciences 
CAARMS addresses critical issues involving AfricanAmerican researchers and
graduate students in the mathematical sciences.

Council for the Mathematical Sciences 
A body representing the main UK mathematical societies.

Czech Mathematical Society 
A section of the Union of Czech Mathematicians and Physicists. Organisation,
contacts, documents, jobs meetings, resources. English/Czech site.

Danish Mathematical Society 
Founded with the purpose of acting for the benefit of mathematics in
research and education. Contact details, activities, members, archives,
links and online membership form.

Edinburgh Mathematical Society (EMS) 
Founded in 1883 for "the mutual improvement of its members in the
Mathematical Sciences, pure and applied", it is the principal mathematical
society for the university community in Scotland. Membership is drawn from
all the Scottish universities and other educational institutions as well as
from mathematicians in industry and commerce both at home and overseas.

Estonian Mathematical Society 
National mathematical society. Contact information and list of members.

European Mathematical Society (EMS) 
Aims to further the development of all aspects of mathematics in the
countries of Europe and establish a sense of identity amongst European
mathematicians. Includes electronic library, databases and details of
activities.

European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics 
Fosters collaborative work within the European research community and with
European industry. Activities, publications, information and links.

European Women in Mathematics 
An affiliation of women bound by a common interest in the position of women
in mathematics. Encourages and supports women to take up and continue their
studies and research in mathematics. Newsletter, meetings and links.

Finnish Mathematical Society 
A society for professionals, appliers and students of mathematics. Includes
background information, links and details of seminars.

Hong Kong Mathematical Society (HKMS) 
Membership directory, meetings and the Hong Kong mathematicians directory.

International Association for Cryptologic Research 
The IACR is dedicated to promoting research in Cryptology. They sponsor the
Crypto, Eurocrypt, and Asiacrypt conferences, run workshops, and publish the
Journal of Cryptology.

International Association for Statistical Computing 
International organization concerned with the theory, methods and practice
of statistical computing. Includes online newsletter and software archives.

International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education 
Promotes international contacts and the exchange of scientific information
in the psychology of mathematics education. Organization details, guidelines
and latest news.

International Linear Algebra Society 
Based in Israel, promotes international coordination to assist the
development of theoretical matrix analysis and linear algebra. Includes
details of the Hans Schneider Prize and TausskyTodd Lecture.

International Society for Bayesian Analysis 
Promotes the development and application of Bayesian statistical theory and
methods useful in the solution of theoretical and applied problems in
science, industry and government.

International Society for Mathematical and Computational
Aesthetics 
Detail and analysis on the development of CAD and other influences in
contemporary design. A division of the International Society for Group
Theory in Cognitive Science. Contact information.

International Society for the Arts, Mathematics, and
Architecture 
ISAMA furthers interdisciplinary education relating the arts, mathematics,
and architecture. Links to resources in the three areas.

International Statistical Institute 
Links to events and resources for statisticians, educators or anyone else
interested in data analysis techniques.

Irish Mathematical Society 
Aims to further mathematics and mathematical research in Ireland. Its
membership is international, but it mainly represents mathematicians in
universities and other third level institutes in Ireland. Bulletins,
meetings, membership information, group rules and structure, employment
opportunities, membersonly area, and links to useful resources.

Israel Mathematical Union (IMU) 
Professional association, with lists of members and upcoming lectures and
colloquia.

Japanese Association of Mathematical Sciences 
A scientific research organization whose main activity is to publish
scientific journals in English, French or German.

János Bolyai Mathematical Society 
(Hungarian Mathematical Society)

Korean Mathematical Society 
The official academic society of Korean mathematicians. Details about the
group, activities, publications, and membership.

London Mathematical Society (LMS) 
Established in 1865 for the promotion and extension of mathematical
knowledge. To this end the Society undertakes various publications and holds
regular meetings, conferences and symposia. In spite of its name, the
Society is not simply a London society. It is the major British learned
society for Mathematics, with a nationwide membership. It also has several
hundred overseas members.

Mathematical Association of America (MAA) 
The world's largest organization devoted to the interests of collegiate
mathematics.

Mathematical Association of Victoria 
Australian nonprofit association founded in 1906. Has members from various
levels of mathematics teaching.

Mathematics Foundation of America 
The purpose of MFOA is to ensure that the mathematically talented high
school student receives mathematics education appropriate for a future
mathematician by providing suitable summer programs and mentors.

Member and Associate Member Societies of the European
Mathematical Society 
Member list with contact information and links, if available.

Moscow Mathematical Society 
The Legacy of A. N. Kolmogorov. April 25, 1903  October 20, 1987. Addresses
by Kolmogorov at meetings of the Moscow Mathematical Society.

National Association of Mathematicians 
US. Aims to promote excellence in the mathematical sciences and the
mathematical development of underrepresented American minorities.

New Zealand Mathematical Society 
Conferences, notifications, affiliations, activities, membership details,
and contact information.

Norwegian Mathematical Society 
Contact details, online newsletter and information on the Abel symposia.

Resources of Scholarly Societies  Mathematics 
Created by compilers at the University of Waterloo Library.

Singapore Mathematical Society 
Events, programs, publications, news and announcements, and membership
details.

South African Mathematical Society 
Promotes quality learning, teaching, research, social applications, and
promotion of math among the general public. Include mission statement, list
of members, publications, and events.

SouthEast Asia Mathematical Society 
Activities, committee, constitution and publications.

Swiss Mathematical Society 
History of the group, affiliations, and publications.

The Mathematical Association 
British mathematics teachers' association.

The Theta Foundation 
A scientific and notforprofit organisation, promoting mathematical
knowledge, based in Romania.

UK Mathematics Trust 
Organizes national mathematics competitions in the UK for 1218 year old
students. Entry forms and past papers.

Union of Czech Mathematicians and Physicists 
One of the oldest European societies in mathematics and physics.

Web Math Collaboration (WMC) 
A cooperative of mathematical web sites with similar goals and principles.
Also, includes a discussion board, chat help, and formula tables.

Young Mathematicians Network (YMN) 
A loose organization of mathematicians in the junior part of their careers.
Newsletter and useful links.
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