Make srikumar as your homepage

< >


Please check "WHAT IS NEW?"  to see new pages we are adding. Enjoy

CAD Free stuff | NRI | Jobs | Home pages Education | Kids | Movies | Games | Music | Indian Music | A  to Z topics | Science| Translate |Type any language| What is New? |

 Engineering| Alumni | Health | Sports |Tourism |Computers | Business | Oman 123| 3D perspectives | Chat Free downloads |Shopping | Family | Comments
Articles| Advertising | Cooking | Humour | Interior Design| Marketing | Study Abroad |Toastmasters| Useful Tips | Subscribe Newsletter| Job Posting

Art of Living
Feng Shui
< >
Question papers
House plans
Interior Design

L.Srikumar Pai
B.Sc( Engg.), MIE, MIWWA, MICI
Civil Engineer & CAD Specialist
Web master

See my 3d perspectives using AutoCAD & 3DS Max.
3D Album

What is Solar Energy and Solar Power?
Main Article page | Beauty articles | Health page | Computers| Diseases | Education | Entertainment | Family
Business |Fitness
Fruits and Vegetables |
Jobs | General | Personality| Technology | Tourism | Useful Tips
General Knowledge | Biography Page| Heroes & Incredible peoples | Invention


Solar energy is the radiant energy that the sun produces. This is the result of a process called nuclear fusion - the joining of smaller atoms to form a larger atom.
The sun is a giant ball of gas consisting primarily of hydrogen and helium. Through nuclear fusion, hydrogen atoms in the sun's core combine to form helium atoms over and over again.

The Law of Conservation of Energy

Each time this nuclear fusion reaction takes place, the nuclei of four hydrogen atoms fuse to become one helium atom. However, the resulting helium atom has less mass than the four hydrogen atoms that fused with each other.
Does this mean that some matter is "lost" during the nuclear fusion process?

No, it isn't really lost.

Due to the law of conservation of energy, this "lost matter" is converted into the radiant energy that the sun emits into space.

The Electromagnetic Spectrum

Once the sun emits this radiant energy into space, it makes its way to earth as electromagnetic waves traveling at the speed of light. We perceive this solar radiation as light, but in fact it spreads over a wider band of wavelengths known as the electromagnetic spectrum. The electromagnetic spectrum organizes electromagnetic energy by wavelength.

One misconception about the solar energy that reaches earth is that it includes the heat from the sun. In fact, the earth doesn't receive any heat from the sun since it's more than 93 million miles away! What actually happens is that when the radiant energy from the sun is absorbed by an object, its energy is converted into heat.

Solar Energy: The Ultimate Renewable Energy

The sun produces a tremendous amount of energy. Every second, more than 4 million metric tons of hydrogen is converted into helium. But even at this rate, the sun will continue producing solar energy for another 5 billion years! As a result, solar energy is considered the ultimate renewable energy.

Why use solar energy?

As a homeowner, this is one of the first questions that comes up when you are considering the use of solar energy for your home. Every homeowner will have their own specific reasons for going solar, but the majority can be grouped into three categories:

-Environmental Impact
-Financial Benefits
-Energy Independence

Understanding why solar energy use is important for you will help you develop a solar energy plan that can bring your solar vision to life.

Environmental Impact

Many homeowners choose to use solar energy because of the positive impact they will have on the environment.
Global warming and climate change are major issues facing the world today... and you can be part of the solution by taking advantage of solar energy!

Unlike fossil fuels, solar energy doesn't produce the harmful pollutants responsible for increasing the greenhouse effect which leads to global warming.

Solar energy is a clean and sustainable source of energy that you can use for solar electricity, solar heating, solar cooling, and solar lighting.

By using solar energy, you...Will reduce your carbon footprint, and Can feel good about being a responsible global citizen

Financial Benefits

Another key factor for homeowners considering solar energy is the financial aspect. The financial benefits of solar energy can be seen in reduced utility payments as you use solar energy for electricity, heating, cooling, and lighting. In addition, by reducing your homes operating costs you are also increasing the value of your home.

As you can see, taking advantage of solar economics will...Save you money NOW, and Provide you with a sound investment for your FUTURE

Energy Independence

A third answer to the question "Why use solar energy" is the energy independence it will give you.
By using solar energy, you will reduce your dependence on the utility companies. You will no longer need to have electricity delivered to your home as you will be able to produce your own solar power electricity. Solar technology will also free you from using traditional energy sources for heating and cooling. All of this means you will finally be free from rising utility rates!

Solar energy also gives you a level of reliability and security that other energy sources can't match. When your neighbors don't have power due to an outage, you won't be affected since your home generates it's own electricity and heat (this is also known as microgeneration).

In addition to the personal security you will gain by freeing yourself from your local utility companies, you will also help to remove our dependency to foreign energy producers which, in today's world, is critical for national security.

How is Solar Energy Used?

In the future, solar energy will be the largest source of global energy.
But many homeowners are already taking advantage of today's solar energy technology. They are saving money and saving the environment.

Let's take a look at how solar energy is used by these forward thinking homeowners.

Well, there are four basic uses of solar energy...

Solar Electricity
Solar Heating
Solar Cooling
Solar Lighting

Solar Electricity

Solar energy can be used to generate electricity for your home using photovoltaic solar cells. These solar cells are combined into the solar panels that you see on many rooftops today. When you connect the solar panels to an inverter, you can use the electricity they generate with any electronic device in your home.

Solar Heating

Solar energy can be used to heat your home, your domestic water, or your swimming pool. Using solar collectors, the radiant energy from the Sun is captured and converted into heat. Solar heating systems collect, store, and distribute this heat using passive or active solar energy methods.

Solar Cooling

Solar cooling takes advantage of the Sun when it is most needed...
...In the hot summer months!

The three basic approaches to solar cooling are passive cooling, solar thermal cooling, and photovoltaic cooling.

Solar Lighting

Solar energy lighting can be used to enhance your home's outdoor features or to provide natural interior lighting. The two primary applications of solar lighting are outdoor solar lighting and daylighting.

How is Solar Energy Stored?

One of the drawbacks of solar energy systems is that the Sun doesn't provide a constant stream of energy. On cloudy days or at night, the amount of energy your system receives is reduced or eliminated altogether. This in turn impacts the amount of electricity or heat that your system produces during those times.

To overcome this drawback, homeowners can take advantage of several methods available to them for storing solar energy. The methods available differ depending on whether you are using solar electricity applications or solar heating applications.

Solar Electricity Storage

Homeowners are able to generate solar electricity by using a photovoltaic solar power system. There are two primary methods of Energy Storage with a PV solar power system...
Battery Banks
Grid Inter-Tie
One way solar power storage can be accomplished is by using a battery bank to store the electricity generated by the PV solar power system. A battery solar power storage system is used in a grid-tied PV system with battery backup and stand-alone PV systems.
The major components of a battery solar power system are...

Charge Controller: Prevents the battery bank from overcharging by interrupting the flow of electricity from the PV panels when the battery bank is full.
Battery Bank: A group of batteries wired together. The batteries are similar to car batteries, but designed specifically to endure the type of charging and discharging they'll need to handle in a solar power system.
System Meter: Measures and displays your solar PV systems performance and status.
Main DC Disconnect: A DC rated breaker between the batteries and the inverter. Allows the inverter to be quickly disconnected from the battery bank for service.
The third type of PV solar power system is a grid-tied PV system. This system can actually use the grid as its solar energy storage system. This is done using net-metering.
With net-metering, when you produce excess solar electricity, you send it to the grid and your electric meter rolls backwards. Later on, at night for example, when your system is not producing electricity, you can pull electricity from the grid and your electric meter will roll forward. You are essentially using the grid to store your solar electricity!
Solar Thermal Storage

There are three solar heating applications...
Solar Space Heating
Solar Water Heating
Solar Pool Heating
Each of these solar heating applications uses their own methods for Solar Thermal Energy Storage.
Thermal mass and water tanks are the two primary methods of storing solar energy in solar space heating systems.

Thermal Mass: Used in both passive and active space heating systems. Absorbs heat during the day and slowly releases it at night.
Water Tanks: Used in active liquid systems. A heat-exchanger transfers the heat from the heat-transfer fluid to the water in the tank.
Solar water heating systems use water tanks for the storage of solar energy. Both passive and active solar water heating use water tanks. Active indirect systems use a heat-exchanger to transfer the heat from the heat-transfer fluid. The other solar water heating systems use the actual household water and therefore do not need a water tank with a heat-exchanger.
Solar pool heating uses the swimming pool water for solar energy storage. By circulating your swimming pool water through solar pool collectors, you will be able to extend your swimming season.

How Does Solar Energy Work?
Home solar power systems can be broken down into either solar heating systems or solar electric systems.

To understand how both types of solar power systems work, you will need to understand...

What is Solar Energy?
Solar Heating Principles
Solar Electricity Principles
What is Solar Energy?

At it's simplest, solar energy is the light produced by the Sun. Sunlight is a form of radiant energy that travels to the earth as electromagnetic waves.
In reality, the light we see is just a small part of the energy we receive from the Sun. The radiant energy from the Sun covers the full breadth of the electromagnetic spectrum.

Using solar technology, we are able to "capture" the Sun's radiant energy and convert it to either heat or electricity.

Solar Heating Principles

Solar heating systems perform three basic functions...
Collecton: Radiant energy from the Sun is captured and converted to solar thermal energy using solar collectors.
Storage: The solar thermal energy is stored using thermal mass, water tanks, or rock bins.
Distribution: Distribution of the heat can be done with both active solar energy and passive solar energy methods.
These three basic principles are used for solar space heating, solar water heating, and solar pool heating systems.
Find out more: Solar Heating

Solar Electricity Principles

Solar electric systems use solar cells to convert the Sun's radiant energy into electricity. This is done using a principle known as the photovoltaic effect.
Since a solar cell only generates about 1-2 Watts of power, it is necessary to combine them into solar power panels in order to generate more power. Solar panels are in turn combined to form solar arrays.

These solar panels and arrays are the key component of all residential solar power systems. The other components of the system convert the generated DC electricity into AC electricity so it can be used by the electrical appliances in your home.

( Courtesy: For more information about solar energy refer )

Read more about solar energy

What is entomophagy?
What is Endosulfan?
What is schizophrenia?
What is Autism ?
What are  antibiotics?
What is Bariatric or weight loss surgery?

What is Solar Energy and Solar Power?
What is Insomnia?
What is osteoporosis?
What is Lasik- Eye laser surgery
What is Chemotherapy ?
What is Bypass surgery & Angioplasty
What is MRI scan?

 More Fitness articles


Useful articles
Real Estate 
< >
Free MP3
AutoCAD Blocks
3D Max textures
Printer Drivers
Entrance Test
IAS Topper
Public Speaking
Study Abroad
Type any language
Useful articles
Useful Tips
What is New?
Admission tests
Courses & careers
Religious talk
GSB & Konkani



About us | Submit your site |Suggestions | A to Z topics |Advertising | Auctions | Alumni | Arts | Astrology | Animals | BusinessCooking CAD| Computers | Disabled People
Environment | Education | Engineering | Family | Festivals | Freebies | Fun | Games | Health | India | Jobs | Jokes |Kerala | Kids | NRI News |   Movies | Music | Medicine 
Photography | Religion Science | Shopping | Sports | Tenders | Tourism | Vaastu shastra | Women Zoo
Copyright 2009-2010