Career Guidance: Nanotechnology
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Nanotechnology is an interdisciplinary field that involves study of manipulating matter on atomic and molecular scale.
Nanotechnology it may not be a familiar field but it is one to look out for in the future.
: Although Nanotechnology is a relatively recent development in scientific research, the development of its central concepts happened over a longer period of time. Richard Feynman is considered the Father of Nanotechnology.
Nanotechnology is an interdisciplinary field that involves study of manipulating matter on atomic and molecular scale. The major areas for the development of applications involving Nanotechnology are:
Medicine and Pharmaceuticals: used in tissue engineering to reproduce or repair damage. Advanced form of tissue engineering can lead to life extension. Also used for producing better drug delivery systems.
Optics: The first sunglasses using protective and anti-reflective ultrathin polymer coatings are in the market. For optics, nanotechnology also offers scratch resistant surface coatings based on nanocomposites. NANO -OPTICS could allow for an increase in precision of pupil repair and other types of laser eye surgery.
Electronics: The production of displays with low energy consumption could be accomplished using carbon nanotubes (CNT).
Textile: The use of engineered nanofibers already makes clothes water and stain-repellent or wrinkle-free. Textiles with a nanotechnological finish can be washed less frequently and at lower temperatures. Nanotechnology has been used to integrate tiny carbon particles membrane and guarantee full-surface protection from electrostatic charges for the wearer.
Catalysis: Chemical catalysis benefits especially from nanoparticles, due to the extremely large surface to volume ratio. The application potential of nanoparticles in catalysis ranges from fuel cell to catalytic converters and photocatalytic devices. Catalysis is also important for the production of chemicals.
Genetics: DNA nanotechnology provides one of the only ways to form designed, complex structures with precise control over nanoscale features. Another potential application is in crystallography, where molecules which are hard to crystallize by themselves could be arranged and oriented within a three-dimensional nucleic acid lattice, thus allowing determination of their structure.
A professional in this field can easily find lucrative career opportunities in various sectors: Nano-medicine, bio-informatics, stem cell development, pharmaceutical companies, Nano-toxicology and Nano power generating sectors.
Some other fields include:
Food and Beverages
Magnetics and Optoelectronics
Communication and Media
And many more new industries are emerging as a result of the rapid advances in Nanotechnology.
Student should have taken the science group in Stds XI and XII (Physics and Chemistry). Other criteria's depend upon individual universities.
The governments of the world aren't immune to the Nano-fever. Many countries understand the great potential value of nanotechnology in various areas and consider it as an engine for economic growth.
The U.S. is definitely taking the lead, but Europe, Asia and Israel are also big players. These countries have already invested $4 billion to establish various nanotechnology-related centres. These investments are estimated to triple in a period of five years.
As the components of technology get smaller and smaller, world-wide interest in developing them gets bigger and bigger.
Gaurav is a III Year B.Tech Nanotechnology student at SRM University.
( Courtesy: The hindu http://www.thehindu.com/ )
List of popular colleges where you can study Nanotechnology
Jawahrlal Nehru centre for advanced scientific research, Bangaloru
National chemical laboratory, Pune
SRM university, Tamil nadu
Amity Institute of
Nanotechnology (AINT), Noida
Biosys Biotech Lab & Research Centre, Chennai
Indian Institute of Science: Center of Excellence in Nanoelectronics (CEN), Bangalore
The IITs at Mumbai, Kanpur, Chennai, Guwahati and Delhi
National Institute of Technology (NIT), Rourkela
Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology (MANIT), Bhopal
Course and careers: