Make srikumar as your homepage

< >


Please check "WHAT IS NEW?"  to see new pages we are adding. Enjoy

CAD Free stuff | NRI | Jobs | Home pages Education | Kids | Movies | Games | Music | Indian Music | A  to Z topics | Science| Translate |Type any language| What is New? |

 Engineering| Alumni | Health | Sports |Tourism |Computers | Business | Oman 123| 3D perspectives | Chat Free downloads |Shopping | Family | Comments
Articles| Advertising | Cooking | Humour | Interior Design| Marketing | Study Abroad |Toastmasters| Useful Tips | Subscribe Newsletter| Job Posting

Art of Living
Feng Shui
< >
Question papers
House plans
Interior Design

L.Srikumar Pai
B.Sc( Engg.), MIE, MIWWA, MICI
Civil Engineer & CAD Specialist
Web master

See my 3d perspectives using AutoCAD & 3DS Max.
3D Album

Career Guidance: Biotechnology

Main Article page | Beauty articles | Health page | Computers| Diseases | Education | Entertainment | Family
Business |Fitness
Fruits and Vegetables |
Jobs | General | Personality| Technology | Tourism | Useful Tips
Biography Page| Heroes & Incredible peoples | Inventions
Education Main Page | Edu.after 10th | Online study | Scholarships | Edu.Courses| List of admission tests | study abroad




Biotechnology is a science that involves manipulation of living organisms to get the desired results. The techniques involved in the process have evolved parallel to and subjected by the development of other areas of science and technology.

This course enables you to take up areas like Medical Biotechnology, Chemical Engineering, Food and Nutrition Biotechnology, Medical Electronics and Bioinformatics at postgraduate level. TKR College of Engineering and Technology (, Chaitanya Bharathi Institute of Technology ( and Gokaraju Rangaraju Institute of Engineering and Technology ( are some colleges that offer B.Tech in Biotechnology. The admission is based on performance at EAMCET.

For details, log on to their websites. BPC students can seek admission in this stream of engineering, provided they take the bridge course in Mathematics offered by Board of Intermediate before the counselling (Refer The Hindu, Andhra Pradesh edition, Dt: 06/02/2008. ICFAI Institute of Science and Technology also offers this course. The eligibility criterion is Intermediate with MPC and at least 60 per cent marks. For details, visit

( Courtesy: T.Muralidharan, )

Biotechnology (sometimes shortened to "biotech") is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring bioproducts. Biotechnology also utilizes these products for manufacturing purpose. Modern use of similar terms includes genetic engineering as well as cell and tissue culture technologies. The concept encompasses a wide range of procedures (and history) for modifying living organisms according to human purposes — going back to domestication of animals, cultivation of plants, and "improvements" to these through breeding programs that employ artificial selection and hybridization. By comparison to biotechnology, bioengineering is generally thought of as a related field with its emphasis more on higher systems approaches (not necessarily altering or using biological materials directly) for interfacing with and utilizing living things. The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity defines biotechnology as:

"Any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use."

In other terms: "Application of scientific and technical advances in life science to develop commercial products" is biotechnology. Biotechnology draws on the pure biological sciences (genetics, microbiology, animal cell culture, molecular biology, biochemistry, embryology, cell biology) and in many instances it is also dependent on knowledge and methods from outside the sphere of biology (chemical engineering, bioprocess engineering, information technology, biorobotics). Conversely, modern biological sciences (including even concepts such as molecular ecology) are intimately entwined and dependent on the methods developed through biotechnology and what is commonly thought of as the life sciences industry.

Biotechnology has applications in four major industrial areas, including health care (medical), crop production and agriculture, non food (industrial) uses of crops and other products (e.g.biodegradable plastics, vegetable oil, biofuels), and environmental uses.

For example, one application of biotechnology is the directed use of organisms for the manufacture of organic products (examples include beer and milk products). Another example is using naturally present bacteria by the mining industry in bioleaching. Biotechnology is also used to recycle, treat waste, cleanup sites contaminated by industrial activities (bioremediation), and also to produce biological weapons.

A series of derived terms have been coined to identify several branches of biotechnology; for example:

  • Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field which addresses biological problems using computational techniques, and makes the rapid organization and analysis of biological data possible. The field may also be referred to as computational biology, and can be defined as, "conceptualizing biology in terms of molecules and then applying informatics techniques to understand and organize the information associated with these molecules, on a large scale."[7] Bioinformatics plays a key role in various areas, such as functional genomics, structural genomics, and proteomics, and forms a key component in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical sector.
  • Blue biotechnology is a term that has been used to describe the marine and aquatic applications of biotechnology, but its use is relatively rare.
  • Green biotechnology is biotechnology applied to agricultural processes. An example would be the selection and domestication of plants via micropropagation. Another example is the designing of transgenic plants to grow under specific environments in the presence (or absence) of chemicals. One hope is that green biotechnology might produce more environmentally friendly solutions than traditional industrial agriculture. An example of this is the engineering of a plant to express a pesticide, thereby ending the need of external application of pesticides. An example of this would be Bt corn. Whether or not green biotechnology products such as this are ultimately more environmentally friendly is a topic of considerable debate.
  • Red biotechnology is applied to medical processes. Some examples are the designing of organisms to produce antibiotics, and the engineering of genetic cures through genetic manipulation.
  • White biotechnology, also known as industrial biotechnology, is biotechnology applied to industrial processes. An example is the designing of an organism to produce a useful chemical. Another example is the using of enzymes as industrial catalysts to either produce valuable chemicals or destroy hazardous/polluting chemicals. White biotechnology tends to consume less in resources than traditional processes used to produce industrial goods.[citation needed]

The investment and economic output of all of these types of applied biotechnologies is termed as bioeconomy.


In medicine, modern biotechnology finds promising applications in such areas as

Related information:

External links:

( Courtesy: Wikkipedia)

More information about Biotechnology and careers


List of Courses and Careers


Useful articles
Real Estate 
< >
Free MP3
AutoCAD Blocks
3D Max textures
Printer Drivers
Entrance Test
IAS Topper
Public Speaking
Study Abroad
Type any language
Useful articles
Useful Tips
What is New?
Admission tests
Courses & careers
Religious talk
GSB & Konkani



About us | Submit your site |Suggestions | A to Z topics |Advertising | Auctions | Alumni | Arts | Astrology | Animals | BusinessCooking CAD| Computers | Disabled People
Environment | Education | Engineering | Family | Festivals | Freebies | Fun | Games | Health | India | Jobs | Jokes |Kerala | Kids | NRI News |   Movies | Music | Medicine 
Photography | Religion Science | Shopping | Sports | Tenders | Tourism | Vaastu shastra | Women Zoo
Copyright 2009-2010