Tips to Study in Germany without much expenses
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Every university in Germany is autonomous and has its own criteria for admitting students. But in principle, Indian students need to fulfill one of the following conditions after successful completion of class XII to be eligible to apply for Bachelors:
Successfully completing the first year of a bachelor programme from a recognised university in India in the relevant subject field.
Successfully clearing the IIT Joint Entrance Examination for admission to courses in technology and natural sciences.
Passing the qualification assessment examination in Germany, known as Feststellungsprüfung.
Studienkolleg is a foundation
course, which helps one prepare for this examination. Studienkolleg is a
full-time course focusing on subjects relevant to the degree programme and
German language proficiency. It takes two semesters to complete and is offered
only in Germany. Details
The ideal time to start preparing for the application is a year before you wish to start with your Masters, that is, third year of B.Tech in your case. Start by getting information about the courses you might be interested in by logging on to www.daad.de/international-programmes and getting the necessary documents in place. Application windows are open from March-June for the winter intake (semester starting October) session and November-January for the summer intake (semester starting April). Not all courses have two intakes. So, do check this carefully.
There are two ways of going about a Ph.D. in Germany — the traditional way and the structured Ph.D. model. More information about these can be found here.What you are referring to is the traditional way. For this you need to do your groundwork, both on your research topic and establishing contacts with a professor who is wiling to guide your Ph.D.. You can do this with the help of your teachers, seniors, scientific journals and of course websites like Research Explorer. You are required to develop your research proposal in consultation with your guide. This system offers a lot of freedom with deadlines or curriculum, but calls for a great deal of personal initiative right from identifying a topic in your research field. This kind of doctorate takes about 3-5 years to complete.